The Open Education Research Lab's learning scientists use a methodology that blends theory and practice of learning - Design Based Research (DBR). As a methodology, DBR enables inquiry into complex problems facing educators and learners. DBR mandates study in-vivo using an iterative and responsive process in order to understand how a theory of learning operates in a real-world setting. A researcher using DBR works to understand and inform practice at both a micro, local level while also improving the macro, understanding within the Learning Sciences. A result of a study that utilizes DBR could be the refinement of an educational theory or the development of a new theory. The presentation will focus on the creation of the SUNY OE Research Lab at the University at Buffalo and discuss the results from an Innovative Instruction Technology Grant (IITG) where students and faculty were surveyed on their perceived benefits of OER.